We Conduct Laboratory Experiments

Posted in: What We Do

The knowledge of the contaminants in the water is an essential first step to solving water contamination problems. The STW™ Laboratory will conduct research on water contaminants through water sampling and analysis including the research of new methods for unknown contaminants.

The STW™ Laboratory will be equipped with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS), which is the ideal equipment for detecting and characterizing organic compounds. In addition, the laboratory will be equipped with inductively coupled plasma (ICP), for detection of metals, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Tests on water and other sample extractions are performed with extreme accuracy with continued research to identify chemical contaminants that are considered toxic to humans and the environment.

We are all anxious to save the many threatened species, such as the eagle and the whale. Yet, water research is key to the healthy survival of mankind, animals, and the environment. We all must address the growing and ongoing issue of water contamination. The many different aspects of water contamination require that an analysis be performed before a treatment protocol can be designed.


All organizations working on clean healthy water and sanitation in the developing world need the support of water analysis. Wells and water treatment systems throughout the world are not proven safe until the water is analyzed and confirmed clean. For example, there are thousands of wells in India that were dug 35 years ago that produce water with levels of arsenic toxic to the human body. If a person drinks arsenic-laced water every day for 30 years, keratosis–a painful and debilitating condition–develops, which causes the skin on the palms of the hands and the bottom of the feet to peel off and become soft and sore. The life expectancy of an individual with keratosis is about 30 years. Also, many forms of cancers are related to the ingestion of arsenic. Measurement for arsenic of any water to be used for human consumption is a necessary preventative step. Refer to Harvard study.


The chemical statistics below show that the possible number of chemical combinations is so large that we cannot say it with words. It has 86,991 zeros. Yet the E.P.A. regulates less than 200 chemicals.

“Chemical Statistics (Substance Count Updated by Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), which is part of the American Chemical Society)

Chemicals in combinations of two or more can create a synergy, making the toxicity significantly higher than any of the individual chemicals. Other factors that need to be considered along with the combinations of chemicals are environmental conditions such as: humidity, light, temperature, the individual’s body. Without studying all things together, very little will be resolved about toxicities. In other words, the number of experiments that would be needed would be significantly larger than those already extremely large numbers. Needless to say, there is no government or combination of governments that is capable of checking just the possible combinations of chemicals, let alone all possible variables. The precautionary principal must be invoked, and the production of many or most toxic chemicals must be halted.”

Possible combinations of two or more chemicals if:
Number of chemicals in commercial production are between 87,000 and 100,000. For this example, we have used the lower estimate of chemicals in production.

Therefore there are:
Approximately 1.063725377 x 1086,991* different combinations of two or more chemicals that could have a possible synergistic effect on toxicity

* equals 10 followed by 86,991 zeros (Source: www.mindfully.org)

The calculations above were made using the number of chemicals in commercial use (approx. 100,000). It is worthwhile noting that the total number of chemicals in the C.A.S. Registry exceeds 65 million.

Water research is key to the healthy survival of mankind.

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