Growing population, industrialization, drought and growing demand are the causes for the world’s dwindling water supply that have created a global crisis. One sixth of the world’s population does not have access to clean drinking water. More than 2 million people, most of them children, die each year from water-borne diseases.
People in developing countries, where millions don’t have access to clean drinking water, fill buckets from a supply pipeline. Water-related problems aren’t restricted to the developing world. A harmful pesticide banned by many European countries, which in addition to killing bees is harmful to humans, remains widely used in the United States, where it runs into rivers and streams.
There is a combination of factors; including draught and increasing demand have created a looming global water crisis that threatens the long-term survival of the human race.
Some nations are counting on controversial technology, such as desalination to convert seawater into freshwater to meet future water needs. Meanwhile, water has become a commodity that supports a $400 billion global industry — the third largest behind electricity and oil.
Desalination is not forever sustainable, because as we remove the salt from the water for human uses, the removed salt brine is returned to the ocean and eventually will change the salinity concentration of the oceans which will affect all marine life and all life in the planet.
The global water crisis and the battle for the right to have access to life sustaining water are increasing among countries and their borders. If you ask the question, who owns water? The answer is nobody. Water belongs to everybody. Humans and animals must have it every day to survive. Water belongs to all species; it belongs to the earth, and to future generations. It is a human and animal right given to all who inhabit the planet. Water cannot be denied to anyone just because they don’t have the means to pay for it.
The demand for fresh water over the next 30 years is outgrowing the supply. Not that the water isn’t somewhere on our planet, but we have polluted it, diverted its natural course, allowed it to get contaminated by seawater. One way or another, we have taken accessible clean water, and we have rendered it unfit for human consumption. We take massive amounts of water and irrigate the desert, where it evaporates. We’re pumping groundwater faster that it can be replenished by nature. We are running out of fresh, clean water everywhere in the world, including here in North America. We have to give up this myth of abundance. We have come to the water limits of our planet.
Today, private corporations noticing a growing demand and a decreasing supply understand that the riches and power in the future are not about supplying oil, but supplying water and whoever grabs water rights becomes very important and indispensable. These corporations know that they can make more money by distributing water than any other product on earth. All this changes mean that for the poor of the world water is going to become more expensive and less accessible.
The conflicts will increase as the powerful countries seek new sources of water outside their borders. These conflicts extend outside of human needs, economics and nature when humans take more than their fair share.
Recycling, conservation and protection are the foundation of a water-secure future for the earth. There is no future on the earth unless we do something about it now. Billions of dollars are spent cleaning the water after we contaminated, instead we should protect the water from pollution before it happens. It will take the will of world leaders, states, cities as well as the education of individuals across the globe to get serious about the crisis and stop water pollution. And that’s how we make a real change for a sustainable water future.