Coliform Bacteria as Indicators of Diarrheal Risk in Household Drinking Water: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Article courtesy of Joshua S. Gruber, Ayse Ercumen, John M. Colford Jr, | September 24, 2014 | PLOS| Shared as educational material

After reviewing published literature and making findings, researchers concluded that research supported use of the coliform bacteria group Escherichia coli (EC) as a fecal indicator in household drinking water. When separately analyzing thermotolerant (“fecal”) coliforms (FC) and EC, the researchers found an association between diarrhea and EC but not FC. Both EC and FC are broadly used as measures of water quality without research linking their use to diarrheal illness. Read more here: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0107429

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