Article Courtesy of Pam Frost Gorder | August 4th, 2016 | Ohio State University | Published as Educational Material
Salt water has long been known to mix with freshwater around coastlines, but the precise measurements of how much and where was never ascertained. Now, an investigation has shown that a higher than normal percent of America’s coastlines are facing ocean pollution and saltwater intrusion. How are these two bodies of water mixing? In a process called submarine groundwater discharge, freshwater flows out to sea and ocean flows into freshwater. The factor of exchange is dependent upon the climate, topography, agricultural development, and urbanization. To combat the issues, experts suggest building canals and/or find a way to easier manage rapid urbanization. Read more about it here.