A joint Yale University and University of Virginia study published in 2008 concluded that the Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia spp.) contains special properties that allow the plant to naturally filter out certain water contaminants (Miller et al., 2008). Dr. Norma Alcantar and her team at the University of South Florida have also studied this relationship and found similar results.
A recent study commissioned by Miami-Dade County Department of Environmental Resource Management (DERM) found that the old cooling canal system at the FPL Turkey Point facility was leaking polluted water into Biscayne Bay.
The amount of harmful chemicals that we are exposed to on a daily basis is nothing short of overwhelming. How can we expect to avoid them all? The sad truth is that we can’t. But, we can take real action towards minimizing our exposure to harmful chemicals. The first step is to build awareness around what is really in the cleaners that we rely upon to keep our homes clean and our families healthy.
Recently, a new breakthrough was made in graphene-based water treatment when a research team at Monash University and University of Kentucky created a viscous form of graphene oxide that can be spread with a blade.
Oil sheens occur in conjunction with oil spills. Sheens are rainbow-colored films that form on the surface of water when oil is discharged, and indicate contamination in the water. While oil sheens may sound benign, they can be as deleterious as oil spills themselves.
The study illustrates the global dimension of water consumption and pollution by showing that several countries heavily rely on foreign water resources and that many countries have significant impacts on water consumption and pollution elsewhere.
Scientific Reports published a study in 2015 outlining the impact that global warming is having on a small Virginia island in the Chesapeake Bay. The results stated that Tangier Island will lose the majority of its landmass due to wave-induced erosion and sea-level rise.
Directional drilling and hydraulic-fracturing technologies are dramatically increasing natural-gas extraction. In aquifers overlying the Marcellus and Utica shale formations of northeastern Pennsylvania and upstate New York, we document systematic evidence for methane contamination of drinking water associated with shale-gas extraction.
A Comprehensive Review of Constraints to Improved Management of Fertilizers in China and Mitigation of Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture
Complex and inter-related factors explain the excessive use of fertilizer observed in many intensive farming systems in China, and hence act as barriers to development of a comprehensive policy and intervention framework for mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture (DWPA).
Global Gray Water Footprint and Water Pollution Levels Related to Anthropogenic Nitrogen Loads to Fresh Water
This is the first global assessment of nitrogen-related water pollution in river basins with a specification of the pollution by economic sector, and by crop for the agricultural sector.
Providing a broader perceptive of pathogen contamination in freshwater (rivers, lakes, reservoirs, groundwater) and saline water (estuaries and coastal waters) resources, this review paper attempts to develop the first comprehensive single source of existing information on pathogen contamination in multiple types of water resources.
We explored the role of initial source water conditions as well as household factors in determining household water quality, and how levels of contamination of drinking water change over time, in a rural setting in northern coastal Ecuador. Water quality improved after water was transferred from the source to household storage containers, but then declined because of recontamination in the home.