Water around and downstream from a fracking wastewater disposal facility in West Virginia contains compounds that may harm fish health by messing with endocrine systems, according to a new study.
Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a process that uses horizontal drilling and high volume fluid injections to release oil and gas. Along with water, the injections contain sand and a mix of chemicals—some of which have been linked to cancer, hormone impacts, and reproductive problems. It’s estimated that every well produces more than one million gallons of wastewater, which is eventually pumped into disposal wells. Researchers found high levels of endocrine disruption activity in the water near or downstream from the wastewater site in Fayetteville, West Virginia. The study, published today in the journal Science of the Total Environment, adds to evidence that some chemicals in hydraulic fracturing waste are hormone-mimickers or blockers and are leaching out of wastewater disposal wells and into nearby water, potentially impacting fish and human health.
Though the gas industry claims fracking is safe and doesn’t harm drinking water, that story doesn’t match what many landowners report from the fracking fields.
Residential water wells near Marcellus shale fracking in northeast Pennsylvania were more likely to contain higher levels of diesel-like chemicals, especially if the gas well had a history of environmental health and safety violations, according to a peer-reviewed paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. But the study found the contamination came from surface spills of hydraulic fracturing fluid, not fracking compounds that were injected deep underground.
If the headwaters that drain into Lake Erie are contaminated by the toxic chemicals used in the fracking process, our access to public drinking water, irrigation systems, and the ecosystems tied to freshwater fishing and tourism, is gone.
The Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission has only eight employees, but this little state agency has some big responsibilities — like keeping waste water from oil wells from polluting drinking water, and evaluating whether that waste water could cause earthquakes.
Reliable One Resources Announces Intention to Provide Water Purification Services to the Oil and Gas Industry
Reliable One Resources, Inc., a recently formed South Dakota corporation, today announced its intention to file a patent application on a water treatment technology and processes that will address the urgent need to minimize the impact of water use and contamination in the oil and natural gas industry.
The Texas-based company, Crestwood Midstream Partners, has plans to connect pipelines that would transport fracking gas, including methane and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), from areas in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia and store it at the lake in abandoned salt caverns dating back to the 19th century.
Researchers from the University of Texas at Arlington have found elevated levels of numerous metals and chemical compounds associated with the hydraulic fracturing process in public and private water wells throughout the Barnett Shale.
A new bill would close loopholes that exempt oil and gas companies from certain clean water regulations, in the hopes of cutting down on water pollution from hydraulic fracturing operations.
The report found that fracking for shale oil and gas has not led to “widespread, systemic impacts on drinking water resources in the United States,” but said fracking could contaminate drinking water under certain conditions, such as when fluids used in the process leaked into the water table, and found isolated cases of water contamination.
Samples of drinking water from outdoor taps were found to contain traces of 2-Butoxyethanol (2BE), a chemical compound in the drilling fluids used on the Marcellus Shale.