Article Courtesy of Megan Hamilton | March 27th, 2016 | Digital Journal | Published as Educational Material California, much like Flint, Michigan, has been facing a lead problem for years now. Unfortunately, unlike Flint officials haven’t been able to get blood tests of civilians in areas of concern and instead have resorted to using soil […]
A relatively short list of reference viral, bacterial and protozoan pathogens appears adequate to assess microbial risks and inform a system-based management of drinking waters.
A Large Community Outbreak of Gastroenteritis Associated with Consumption of Drinking Water Contaminated by River Water, Belgium, 2010
On 6 December 2010 a fire in Hemiksem, Belgium, was extinguished by the fire brigade with both river water and tap water. Local physicians were asked to report all cases of gastroenteritis. We conducted a retrospective cohort study among 1000 randomly selected households. The results support the hypothesis that a point-source contamination of the tap water with river water was the cause of the multi-pathogen waterborne outbreak.
Drinking water contaminated by wastewater is a potential source of exposure to mammary carcinogens and endocrine disrupting compounds from commercial products and excreted natural and pharmaceutical hormones. These contaminants are hypothesized to increase breast cancer risk. We conducted a case-control study to investigate whether exposure to drinking water contaminated by wastewater increases the risk of breast cancer. Results did not provide evidence of an association between breast cancer and drinking water contaminated by wastewater.
In urban Maroua, Cameroon, improved drinking water sources are available to a large majority of the population, yet this water is frequently distributed through informal distribution systems and stored in home containers (canaries), leaving it vulnerable to contamination.
Presently, water contamination issues are of great concern worldwide. Mexico has not escaped this environmental problem, which negatively affects aquifers, water bodies and biodiversity; but most of all, public health.
Shigellosis Outbreak Associated with Contaminated Well Water in a Rural Elementary School: Sichuan Province, China, June 7–16, 2009
This investigation of shigellosis outbreak in an elementary school in Sichuan Province, China, identified the source of infection, mode of transmission and risk factors for illness, and concluded that this shigellosis outbreak was caused by drinking untreated water from a well polluted by Shigella flexneri 2b.
Self-Reported Household Impacts of Large-Scale Chemical Contamination of the Public Water Supply, Charleston, West Virginia, USA
A January 2014 industrial accident contaminated the public water supply of approximately 300,000 homes in and near Charleston, West Virginia (USA) with low levels of a strongly-smelling substance consisting principally of 4-methylcyclohexane methanol (MCHM). We conclude that the spill had major economic impact with substantial numbers of individuals reporting incident-related illnesses and psychological distress. Authorities were successful supplying emergency drinking water, but less so with risk communication.
There is substantial concern that microbial and nutrient pollution by cattle on public lands degrades water quality, threatening human and ecological health.
Swimming pools, spas and even therapeutic baths are common sources of exposure to contaminants that can cause illness.
Cloud-Enabled Microscopy and Droplet Microfluidic Platform for Specific Detection of Escherichia coli in Water
The ScanDrop platform integrates droplet microfluidics, a portable imaging system, and cloud-based control software and data storage for the rapid and specific capture, detection, and identification of bacteria in drinking water.